May 27th, 2012

Indian teenager finds closed-form equations for projectile motion *with* air resistance.

300 years ago, Newton posed the problem of finding a closed form equation to model the motion of a projectile acting under the influence of both gravity and air friction. He couldn't solve it, and until recently nobody knew if there was an equation that did describe it.

Turns out some Indian kid who recently moved to Germany found said closed-form equation.

`The problem he solved is as follows:Let (x(t),y(t)) be the position of a particle at time t. Let g be the acceleration due to gravity and c the constant of friction. Solve the differential equation:(x''(t)2 + (y''(t)+g)2 )1/2 = c*(x'(t)2 + y'(t)2 )subject to the constraint that (x''(t),y''(t)+g) is always opposite in direction to (x'(t),y'(t)).Finding the general solution to this differential equation will find the general solution for the path of a particle which has drag proportional to the square of the velocity (and opposite in direction).`